summer 1993, the economic, social and political situation in our
country reached to its apogee. From one side the fact of
occupation of our territories by the Armenians, a speedy increase
of the number of internally displaced people and refugees and from
another side the facts of closure of railway line with Russia, the
mutual disintegration between the economic and government
structures, a diffusion of chaos into all spheres of life, a
struggle for power among the various political forces, started to
aggravate the situation and deepen the already existing crisis.
The people living through such a situation should sooner or later
say their final words, express their wills.
In June Ganja events broke up as the last culmination. In such a
hard time for independent Azerbaijan there were also killed the
innocent people, there took place a brother blood shed. The
country was driven to the edges of civilian war and there arose a
threat of country’s separation into parts. In such a situation the
country leadership was expected to take extreme measures by using
all means and devices and try a restoration of stability in
republic. But, in the real meaning of the word, as the power was
paralyzed that was already impossible. From the other side,
declaration of “Talish Migan Republic in the south”, Lezgin
problems in the north and Kurdish problems in the west started to
threaten Azerbaijan with more intensive separatism. That’s why,
unable to withstand against the insisting demands of the people
and after Abulfaz Aliyev’s repeated invitations Heydar Aliyev
arrived in Baku. At the meeting of Milli Mejlis held on June 15,
1993 Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev with majority votes was elected as
the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan Republic.
At that time the Armenian media was excitingly writing:
“Now Aliyev is in Baku and it is necessary to understand that in
anyway he will create an order there”
“Heydar Aliyev’s being in Baku doesn’t mean he is in Nakhchivan”
“It will be difficult for the energetic, decisive and highly
clever H. Aliyev, because within a moment it is difficult to turn
out Pompey which is in ruins into the flower garden.”
“Now the reality is only one type: who will win in this
meaningless war finally, that side will be obliged to reimburse in
larger amount for this victory. Because H. Aliyev’s existence in
Nakhchivan was more profitable for Armenia than his being in
From June 17 to 18 at night without leaving any notes for the
government authorities the President of the Azerbaijan Republic
Abulfaz Aliyev left Baku and arrived at Kalaki village of Ordubad
district. The situation in the republic was more aggravated with
Some members of Milli Mejlis were insisting on disabling Abulfaz
Aliyev’s authorities of the Azerbaijan Republic’s President
according to the article 120-7 of the Azerbaijan Republic’s
Constitution. But wise and foresight politician H. Aliyev put
forward more legitimate proposal: Let the people say their words.
For it there should be conducted the All Nation Referendum.
So, there was created an opportunity for the people to express
their will. On August 29, 1993 there took part a Republic
In order to provide full transparency during the referendum
processes by the invitation of the Ministry of the Foreign Affairs
were invited some observes from numerous countries. The official
representatives of OSCE, Turkey, Greece and the collaborators of
some embassies based in Baku and also a multitude of foreign
journalists were attentively observing this crucial event
happening in the life of our country. There participated 3.767.928
persons (i.e. 92.02 percent) in this election: out of this number
3.673.978 persons (i.e. 97.5 percent) showed their distrust to
Abulfaz Aliyev by saying “no”.
Everywhere the referendum was conducted in conformity with the
requirements of the Azerbaijan Republic’s Law “On All Nation
Elections (Referendum) of the Azerbaijan Republic” and the people
voluntarily, freely and secretly expressed their will.
There was standing a difficult examination for Azerbaijan people:
The Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan Republic H.
Aliyev’s candidacy for the presidential post was put forward. All
speakers were evaluating him as a famous statesman having a high
prestige on the international level and everybody was connecting
their future hopes only with him.
It was the first time that Azerbaijan was visited by 35 observers
from OSCE, the international
Labor Organization, the Helsinki Group of Human Rights and as well
as from the USA , Germany, Turkey, Iran, Russia and Kazakhstan.
The election processes were enlightened by approximately 60
foreign journalists. The October 3, 1993 Presidential elections
held in Azerbaijan had really become a historic event for our
Republic. This event once again demonstrated the will and efforts
of our people.
Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev was elected the President of the